Today in History: First Polaroid Camera unveiled in 1948

Today in History: First Polaroid Camera unveiled in 1948

70 years ago today, the first consumer-friendly, commercial instant camera was introduced to the American market. Polaroid’s model 95 Land Camera was developed by Edwin Land. The American scientist got his idea while vacationing in Mexico in 1944 when he introduced his daughter Jennifer to the basic principles of photography. Inspired by his daughter’s question why the images taken with the camera could not be seen immediately, Land spent his remaining vacation working on a preliminary design and concept for an instant camera. In November 1947, the businessman presented his new invention at the annual meeting of the “American Optical Society.” Although dismissed by most of his peers as a gimmick, the first Polaroid camera hit the market only one year later. By 1956, Polaroid had sold one million instant cameras. Today, that number has grown to over 165 million.

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Today in History: Alois Senefelder born in 1771

Today in History: Alois Senefelder born in 1771

Alois Senefelder (born Nov. 6, 1771, Prague – died Feb. 26, 1834, Munich) is often referred to as the inventor of lithography. Son of an actor at the Theatre Royal in Prague, Senefelder was unable to continue his studies at the University of Ingolstadt after his father’s death and thus tried to support himself as a performer and author, but without success. He learned printing in a printing office, purchased a small press, and sought to do his own printing. Desiring to publish plays that he had written but unable to afford the expensive engraving of printing plates, Senefelder tried to engrave them himself. His work on copper plates was not proving very successful when an accident led to his discovery of the possibilities of stone (1796). Senefelder records that one day he jotted down a laundry list with grease pencil on a piece of Bavarian limestone. It occurred to him that if he etched away the rest of the surface, the markings would be left in relief. Two years of experimentation eventually led to the discovery of flat-surface printing (modern lithography). In 1818 he documented his discovery in Vollständiges Lehrbuch der Steindruckerey (1818; A Complete Course of Lithography). Source: britannica.com.

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Today in History: Lithography was invented in 1798

Today in History: Lithography was invented in 1798

220 years ago today, German author Alois Senefelder invented the lithographic printing method (from the Greek, “stone printing”). Looking for an inexpensive method for copying his manuscripts, Senefelder was experimenting with etching techniques using acid resisting inks on a flat stone surface. He soon discovered that his method allowed printing from the flat surface of the stone alone. Compared to conventional copper engraving, it enabled a much faster way of working. Lithography made printing much more affordable and available to more people (f.ex. in art and newspaper printing). By 1830, Senefelder’s process had become the dominant method of pictorial reproduction in the printing industry.

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Today is National Camera Day !

Today is National Camera Day !

National Camera Day commemorates photographs, the camera, and their invention.

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Today is National Camera Day !

Today is National Camera Day

National Camera Day commemorates photographs, the camera, and their invention.

Inquiries about this original, vintage poster at posters@posterconnection.com

 

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